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2013年成人高考《高起点英语分词》误用辨析

来源:武汉招生网    时间:2013-07-17     点击:

1、中文:他理发了。

  (误)he had his hair to be cut.

  (正)he had his hair cut.(have,get+宾语+过去分词表示使…被。)

  2、中文:他喜欢喝凉开水。

  (误)he likes to drink boiling water.

  (正)he likes to drink boiled water.(现在分词表示主动,boiling water指正在沸腾的水;过去分词表示完成,boiled water指沸腾过的水。)

  3、中文:由于做饭,他看上去累了。

  (误)he looked tiring with cooking.

  (正)he looked tired with cooking.(tiring表示令人疲倦的,tired表示人被弄疲倦了。)

  4、中文:我不能让别人明白我的意思。

  (误)I couldn't make myself understand.

  (正)I couldn't make myself understood.(过去分词表示被动,make myself understood表示使我被别人明白。)

  5、中文:昨天早上我上学时见到了我的一个朋友。

  (误)i was walking to school yesterday morning,I met a friend of mine.

  (正)walking to school yesterday morning,I met a friend of mine.(前一句如作时间从句缺连词,后一句分词构句表时间。)

  6、中文:假期结束了,约翰返回了学校。

  (误)the vacation was over,John returned to school.

  (正)the vacation being over,John returned to school.(前一句如作时间从句缺连词,后一句独立分词构句表时间。)

  7、中文:戴帽子的工人躺在地上。

  (误)The workman worn a hat is lying on the ground.

  (正)The workman wearing a hat is lying on the ground.(带帽子是主动行动,要用现在分词wearing a hat表示。)

  8、中文:小女孩站在那里哭了。

  (误)The little girl stood there cried.

  (正)The little girl stood there crying.(哭是主语the little girl发出的行动,要用现在分词crying表示。)

  9、中文:天气好,我们今天要去郊游。

  (误)being fine,we'll go outing today.

  (正)it being fine,we'll go outing today.(前一句错在分词构句所表示的动作不是主句的主语发出的;后一句加上表示气候的it作逻辑主语,构成独立分词构句表原因。)

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